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This blog tells about the recycling of Construction and Renovation, we will also share with you the news of the recycling industry and solutions in various recycling fields in the form of a blog. You can click here if there are no articles or solutions you want to know. Bulky WasteConstruction and Renovation
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Construction and renovation waste

Construction Waste Treatment

Construction waste refers to the wastes generated by construction units or individuals during the construction, laying, demolition, and repair of various buildings, structures, and pipe networks. These wastes, including muck, spoil, waste materials, residual mud, and others, pose significant challenges to waste management and environmental sustainability.

Construction waste treatment equipment introduction

Regarding construction waste treatment equipment, it achieves the crushing-screening-removal of construction waste conveniently and quickly. The equipment processes the sorted construction waste by employing specific iron removal equipment to eliminate iron substances. Subsequently, coarse, medium, and even fine-crushing equipment, crushes the waste into a certain size of regenerated sand and gravel aggregate. These aggregates can be utilized in roadbed stones, free-burnt bricks, cement admixtures, and other applications.

Application of Construction Waste Treatment Equipment

As for the processes involved, we crush and screen concrete chips, asphalt blocks, bricks, stones, wood, plastics, plaster and mortar, steel, and non-metals.

In terms of input materials, they include construction waste mixtures, which include road concrete blocks, asphalt concrete blocks, old building blocks, and construction waste.

Concerning the output products, they consist of iron, steel, impurities, plastics, stones, and bricks of different sizes. All screened materials are utilized for roadbed stones, unburned bricks, cement admixtures,

Construction waste production line

Construction waste treatment process

The crusher processes the raw material of construction waste received from the feeder. Subsequently, the conveyor belt conveys the crushed material, with an iron removal device installed above it to simultaneously remove iron. It then transports the material to the screening station, where it undergoes screening and subsequent discharge. The resulting materials are divided into four categories: 0-5mm, 5-10mm, 10-15mm, and >15mm (designed according to customer needs). The 5-10mm and 10-15mm materials undergo treatment for light materials before discharge, while the >15mm materials are reintroduced into the crushing process, forming a closed loop.

There are two main types of urban construction waste treatment based on local policies and environmental considerations: fixed construction waste treatment systems and mobile crushing and screening stations.

1. Fixed construction waste treatment system

Centralized treatment involves concentrating construction waste in a specific location for unified sorting and processing. Based on market conditions reported by customers, there are two types of processing equipment available for centralized treatment of construction waste. Customers can choose between a fixed set of crushing equipment or a combination of mobile crushing and screening stations for convenient transfer.

Moreover, the combination of stationary crushing equipment comprises a complete set of sand and gravel production lines, including jaw crushers, impact crushers (or cone crushers), sand-making machines, vibrating screens, conveyors, and more. This setup processes construction waste materials such as concrete, waste bricks, and stones, facilitating the reuse of resources. Tailored design solutions can be provided based on customers’ specific requirements and circumstances.

2. Mobile crushing and screening station

In cases where construction waste accumulation is not concentrated or is divided into multiple areas for processing, minimizing equipment repurchasing and overall equipment costs involves using mobile crushing and processing equipment. With ongoing advancements in mobile crushing station technology research and development, Quran Machinery now offers various types of mobile crushing station equipment that customers can freely combine. Depending on customers’ actual needs, options include standard types, closed circuit types, single types, and multi-stage combination types. Additionally, several modes of mobile crushing station products are available for selection.

In addition, the mobile crushing station provides tire-type and crawler-type options for convenient, fast, and continuous construction in multiple locations.

Various materials after construction waste sorting

Sorted materials

The construction waste sorting machine operates on-site at construction waste sites. Here, it processes concrete blocks, waste bricks, mortar, and dregs from the waste. It crushes them according to construction requirements to obtain recycled aggregates and a small number of steel bars. Coarse aggregates, used as crushed stones, are directly employed for foundation reinforcement, road cushions, and indoor floor cushions. Moreover, fine aggregates can be transformed into hollow bricks, solid bricks, square bricks, environmentally friendly construction waste concrete porous bricks, and other environmentally friendly bricks.

Decoration Waste Treatment

Decoration waste includes the leftover materials, tailings, and other wastes generated during the decoration, repair, and embellishment of various buildings. It encompasses wood, plastic, metal, textiles, glass, gypsum, ceramic tiles, cement, etc., often mixed with paints, coatings, etc. Improper disposal of these materials can not only result in resource wastage but also contribute to environmental pollution.

Decoration waste is mainly composed of the following six parts:

1. Waste concrete, bricks, mortar, etc.
This part mainly comes from the reconstruction of the non-load-bearing wall part of the house
2. Scrap metal, glass, etc.
This mainly comes from the transformation and replacement of our usual safety protection facilities, such as guardrails, doors, windows, etc.
3. Floor tiles, wall tiles, wooden floors, wallpapers, wall coverings, etc.
This kind is generally the garbage produced by house decoration or renovation
4. Wood blocks, artificial boards
This is mainly the waste generated from our custom-made cabinets and keel installation
5. Cardboard, plastic, etc.
This mainly belongs to light materials such as various packaging bags
6. Other hazardous waste
Such as paint, coating, glue/emulsion, and packaging, etc.

Components of decoration waste

In this production line, supporting equipment such as a feeder, bouncing screen, positive pressure air separation machine, bar screening machine, drum screening machine, crusher, etc., perform processes such as crushing, size screening, specific gravity screening, magnetic separation, winnowing, eddy current, dust removal, and others to handle decoration waste. With these machines efficiently sorting out metal, wood, plastic, glass, non-ferrous metal, recycled aggregate, and RDF waste-derived fuel, this comprehensive approach facilitates resource recovery and recycling. Moreover, it addresses the issue of decoration waste pollution and promotes waste reduction, recycling, and harmless disposal.

Decoration waste

1. Can a single sorting device completely separate decoration waste?
Many customers express the desire to use a single device for the complete separation of decoration waste. However, considering the current technical conditions, achieving ideal sorting solely with one device or process is challenging. Dealing with decoration waste effectively requires the utilization of various sorting equipment to establish a complete production line. This approach ensures a gradual reduction in sorting and treatment, leading to better outcomes.

2. Is it better to separate the decoration waste as cleanly and finely as possible?
Another common query is whether it’s preferable to finely sieve decoration waste. In the market, we advocate tailoring the classification of decoration waste according to market demand. There’s no necessity to overly refine the sorting process for decoration waste.

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